Mining in Canada

Canada's mining industry has come a long way since coal was first discovered on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, nearly 350 years ago. Now, there are approximately 800 mining operations in Canada. The mining industry is woven into the history and fabric of our country – many communities such as Glace Bay, Rouyn-Noranda, Val d'Or, Sept-Iles, Labrador City, Timmins, Sudbury and Fort McMurray can trace their roots back to mining and exploration activities.

One of the largest mining nations in the world, Canada produces more than 60 minerals and metals. The mining industry is a major player in the Canadian economy and generates nearly 5% of the country's Gross Domestic Product. Mining in Canada also accounts for 19% of the country's total exports.

Globally, Canada is recognized for its leadership in safety, standards, sustainability and technological innovation. Mining companies in Canada were the first in the world to develop an externally-verified performance system for sustainable mining practices with the creation of the Mining Association of Canada’s Towards Sustainable Mining initiative in 2004 (source: Mining Association of Canada).

The mining industry offers many attractive career opportunities. In 2013, the mining and mining processing industries directly employed 380,000 Canadians and skilled workers are in high demand.  Current research by the Mining Industry Human Resources Council (MiHR) indicates that the mining industry will need over 100,000 new workers in the next decade, which is great news for career seekers!

A sign post in front of living quarters at Thor Lake